Senate in 2004, declared the war on drugs an utter failurecapskirringlois
7 Ways The Obama Administration Has Accelerated Police Militarization
There were signs that President Barack Obama might rein in the mass militarization of America’s police forces after he won the White House. These policies got a boost during Ronald Reagan’s presidency, and then another during President Bill Clinton’s years. Under President George W. Bush, all of those anti canada goose clearance drug policies continued, but were supplemented by new war on terrorism endeavors yet more efforts to make America’s cops look, act and fight like soldiers.
buy canada goose jacket But Obama might have been different. Senate in 2004, declared the war on drugs an utter failure. As Reason magazine’s Jacob Sullum wrote in a 2011 critique of Obama’s drug policy: buy canada goose jacket
Obama stood apart from hard line prohibitionists even when he began running for president. In 2007 and 2008, he bemoaned America’s high incarceration rate, warned that the racially disproportionate impact of drug prohibition undermines legal equality, advocated a « public health » approach to drugs emphasizing treatment and training instead canada goose coats on sale of prison, repeatedly indicated that he would take a more tolerant position regarding medical marijuana than George W. Bush, and criticized the Bush administration for twisting science to support policy a tendency that canada goose coats is nowhere more blatant than in the government’s arbitrary distinctions among psychoactive substances.
canada goose uk outlet Indeed, in his first interview after taking office, Obama’s drug czar, Gil Kerlikowske, said that the administration would be toning down the martial rhetoric that had dominated federal drug policy since the Nixon years. « Regardless of how you try to explain to people it’s a ‘war on drugs’ or a ‘war on a product,’ people see a war as a war on them, » Kerlikowske told The Wall Street Journal. « We’re not at war with people in this country. » canada goose uk outlet
canada goose uk black friday This was an notable break from previous administrations. canada goose uk black friday
canada goose clearance Unfortunately, while not insignificant, the change in rhetoric has largely been only that. The Obama administration may no longer call it a « war, » but there’s no question that the White House is continuing to fight one. Here’s a quick rundown of where and how Obama’s policies have perpetuated the garrison state: canada goose clearance
uk canada goose In 1997, Congress added a section to a defense appropriations bill creating an agency to transfer surplus military gear to state and local police departments. Since then, millions of pieces of equipment designed for use on a battlefield such as tanks, bayonets, M 16s, and armored personnel carriers have been given to domestic police agencies for use on canada goose deals American streets, against American citizens. uk canada goose
Under Obama, this program has continued to flourish. In its October 2011 newsletter (motto: « From Warfighter to Crimefighter »), the agency that oversees the Pentagon giveaways boasted that fiscal 2011 was the most productive in the program’s history. And by a large margin. « FY 11 has been a historic year for the program, » wrote program Canada Goose Outlet manager Craig Barrett. « We reutilized more than $500M, that is million with an M, worth of property in FY 11. This passes the previous mark by several hundred million dollars.. Half a billion dollars in reutilization was a monumental achievement in FY 11. »
Canada Goose Parka In 1988, Congress created a new federal crime fighting program canada goose clearance sale called the Byrne grant, named for Edward Byrne, a New York City narcotics officer killed by a drug dealer. Over the years, these grants have created multi jurisdictional anti drug and anti gang task forces all over the country. Because these task forces usually cover more than one jurisdiction, they often aren’t fully accountable to, say, a police chief or an elected sheriff. Moreover, they’re often funded either with additional Byrne grants, or with money seized buy canada goose jacket cheap in asset forfeiture proceedings. They can operate with little or no funding from the polities they police. Canada Goose Parka
The results have been unsettling. These task forces have caused numerous deaths, been responsible for botched drug raids on the wrong houses, and have been implicated in corruption scandals. It was Byrne funded task forces that were responsible for the debacles in Tulia and Hearne, Texas, about a decade ago, in which dozens of people nearly all poor and black were wrongly raided, arrested and charged with drug crimes. One woman falsely charged in Hearne was Regina Kelly, subject of the movie « American Violet. » In a 2007 interview, Kelly told me that the violent raids had been going on for years in Hearne before the task force was finally caught.
canada goose factory sale « They come on helicopters, military style, SWAT style, » Kelly said. « In the apartments I was living in, in the projects, there were a lot of children outside playing. They don’t care. They throw kids on the ground, put guns to their heads. They’re kicking in doors. They just don’t care. » canada goose factory sale
The George W. Bush administration had actually begun phasing out the Byrne program. It had been funded at a half billion dollars per year through most of the Clinton presidency. By the time he left office in 2008, Bush had pared it to $170 million a year. But the grants have long been a favorite of Vice President Joe Biden. And so Obama campaigned on fully restoring their funding, declaring that the Byrne grant program « has been critical to creating the anti gang and anti drug task forces our communities need. » On that promise at least, he has delivered. As part of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Obama infused the program with $2 billion, by the far the largest budget in its history.
Canada Goose Outlet The Community Oriented Policing Services, or COPS, program has followed a similar trajectory. Its aim is noble, at least in theory. Community policing is the idea that cops should be proactive, and consider themselves part of the communities they serve. They should know the names of school principals, be friendly with business owners, attend neighborhood meetings. Canada Goose Outlet
canada goose store This isn’t the definition of community policing held by many police officials. In the late 1990s, criminologist Peter Kraska found, for example, that many police chiefs consider frequent SWAT raids and similarly aggressive policing to be a core part of a community policing strategy. In fact, some said they considered sending SWAT teams to patrol entire neighborhoods to be sound community policing. canada goose store
canada goose coats Moreover, police department budgets are fungible there’s really no way to control how these grants are spent once they arrive at the police station. A 2001 report by the Madison Capital Times found that many Wisconsin police agencies that received COPS grants in the 1990s had in fact used them to start SWAT teams. When presented with these findings, one criminologist was aghast, telling the paper, « Community policing initiatives and stockpiling weapons and grenade launchers are totally incompatible. » canada goose coats
Canada Goose sale Just as it had with buy canada goose jacket Byrne grants, the Bush administration was phasing out the COPS program in the 2000s. But like the Byrne grants, COPS grants have long been a favorite of Biden. In fact, Biden often takes credit https://www.canadagoosepark.com for creating the program, and claims it’s responsible for the sharp drop in violent crime in America that began in the mid 1990s. (There’s no evidence to support that contention, and a 2007 analysis in the peer reviewed journal Criminology concluded « COPS spending had little to no effect on crime. ») Canada Goose sale
And so Obama resurrected COPS, too. During his first year in office, he increased the program’s budget by 250 percent.
The Department of Homeland Security has been giving its own grants to police agencies. These grants have been used to purchase military grade equipment in the name of fighting terrorism. Once they have a new armored personnel carrier, or new high powered weapons, most of these police agencies then put them to use in more routine police work usually drug raids.
According to a 2011 report by the canada goose outlet Center for Investigative Reporting, the federal government has handed out $34 billion in grants since Sept. 11, 2001. The grants have also given rise to contractors that now cater to police agencies looking to cash DHS checks in exchange for battle grade gear. All of which means there’s now an industry and inevitably a lobbying interest dedicated to perpetuating police militarization.
cheap canada goose uk Despite campaign promises to the contrary, Obama has not only continued the Bush and Clinton administration policy of sending SWAT teams to raid medical marijuana growers, shops, and dispensaries in states that have legalized the drug, he appears to have significantly increased enforcement. Just two years into his presidency, Obama’s administration had conducted about 150 such raids. The Bush administration conducted around 200 medical marijuana raids over eight years. cheap canada goose uk
cheap Canada Goose Obama has also stepped up the heavy handed raids often used to enforce immigration laws. Canada Goose online In 2012, his administration canada goose deported more people than in any prior year in American history. He’s on pace to deport 2 million people by 2014, a figure equal to the total number of people ever deported from American until 1997. cheap Canada Goose
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In 2011, an armed team of federal agents raided the floor of the Gibson guitar factory in Nashville, Tenn. The raid made national headlines and picked up traction in the the tea party movement, largely because it had been conducted to enforce the Lacey Act, a Canada Goose sale fairly obscure environmental law not the sort of policy most people would think would be enforced by armed federal agents. The same year, a SWAT team from the Department of Education conducted a morning raid of what they thought was the home of a woman who was suspected of defrauding federal student loan programs again, not the canada goose store sort canada goose black friday sale of crime usually associated with a SWAT action. (They also got the wrong house the suspect had moved out months earlier.)
buy canada goose jacket cheap The Obama administration has defended the use of aggressive, militaristic police actions in court. In the case Avina v. The agents had apparently mistaken the license plate of a suspected drug trafficker for the plate on a car owned by Thomas Avina. Obama’s Justice Department argued in federal court that the lawsuit should be dismissed before being heard by a jury because the agents’ actions were not unreasonable. buy canada goose jacket cheap
To be fair, the Justice Department almost always defends federal Canada Goose Jackets employees from lawsuits. And it seems likely that any other modern administration would do the same thing. But it wasn’t always this way. In 1973, even the drug warring Nixon administration fired, and then criminally indicted, 12 narcotics cops for raiding the wrong homes and terrorizing innocent families. Obama may be no different than Bush, Clinton, or his rivals for the presidency in defending drug cops who point guns at children during botched raids. But there was a time in America when even the original tough on crime administration was appalled enough at the idea to hold such overly zealous drug cops accountable.
Under the policy of civil asset forfeiture, the government can seize any cash, cars, houses, or other property that law enforcement can reasonably connect to a crime usually a drug crime. The owner of the property must then go to court to show that he legitimately earned or owns it. Often the owner is never actually charged with a crime. And often, these seizures are made against people suspected of low level crimes, so the value of the property seized can be less than the costs and hassle of hiring an attorney and going to court to win it back.
If the owner doesn’t try to get his assets back, or if the court rules against him, asset forfeiture proceeds go to the police department that made the seizure. Critics say the policy creates perverse incentives for police to find drug connections that may not exist. But the policy has been lucrative for police agencies, and has been a huge contributor to the growth and use of SWAT teams to serve drug warrants. SWAT teams can be expensive to maintain. Instead of reserving them only for genuinely dangerous situations, asset forfeiture (along with Byrne grants) creates a strong incentive to send them on drug raids. A number of states have tried to curb forfeiture abuses by requiring that proceeds from seizures go to schools, or to a general fund. But under the Justice Department’s equitable sharing program, a local police agency simply needs to ask the DEA for assistance with a raid. The operation then becomes federal, and is governed by federal law. The DOJ takes a cut of the assets, then sends a large percentage back to the local police agency, effectively getting around those state laws.
Under Obama, forfeiture has flourished. According to a 2012 report from the General Accounting Office, the Justice Department’s forfeiture fund swelled to $1.8 billion in 2011, the largest ever. That same year, equitable sharing payouts to local police agencies topped $445 million, also a record.
Obama has fought for broad asset forfeiture powers in court, even for local governments. In the 2009 case Alvarez canadian goose jacket v. Smith, the Obama administration defended a provision of Illinois’ asset forfeiture law that allows police to seize property they believe is connected to drug activity with little evidence, then hold it for up to six months before the owner gets an opportunity to win it back in court. It’s one of the harshest such laws in the country.